See The Top 10 Longest Serving Leaders In The World- No.3 Will Shock You!! - No.1 Education Blog In Nigeria

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Wednesday, November 22, 2017

See The Top 10 Longest Serving Leaders In The World- No.3 Will Shock You!!

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On the 21st of November, 2017. The only leader independent Zimbabwe has ever known, Robert Mugabe resigned, forced out by a bloodless coup after 37 years.

The question now is "Is Mugabe the only President who have spent decades in a political office? No! 

In a bid to clear this, went on a research & were able to draw out the top 10 list of longest serving national leaders in the world.

-This list of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders is a list of the current living longest ruling heads of nation-states or national governments, who are not royalty, and have served twenty years or longer, sorted by length of tenure.

-7 of the 10 longest serving leaders in the world are from Africa. 

-Equatorial Guinea’s President Teodoro Obiang Nguema, is the world's longest-serving leader with over 38years in office. 

Now let's get started...

1.Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea.
Length of tenure: 38 years

The leader of the tiny oil-rich nation of Equatorial Guinea became the longest-serving president in the world in 2011, following the death of Libya's leader of 42 years, Moammar Gaddafi.

Mr Obiang swept to power in 1979 when he ousted his uncle, Francisco Macias Nguema, in a bloody military coup.

He's been re-elected every seven years following polls that internationals observers have repeatedly condemned as fraudulent.

During his rule, parts of the population have prospered, with the country boasting one of the highest per-capita incomes on the continent.

But, according to Human Rights Watch, roughly half the population lacks access to potable water, while life expectancy and infant mortality rates are below the sub-Saharan average.

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2. Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei of Iran
Length of tenure: 36 years

Ali Hosseini Khamenei became Iran’s second Supreme Leader in 1989 following the death of Ruhollah Khomeini. Before his political life, Khamenei taught in religious schools under the supervision of Ruhollah Khomeini. After the resignation of Hussein-Ali, Khomeini appointed Khamenei to the post of post of Tehran's Friday prayers Imam. He served as the Deputy Minister of Defense. In 1981, he survived an assassination attempt that left his right arm permanently paralyzed. In 1981, the president of Iran was assassinated and Khamenei was elected president. In 1982, he successfully led the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Iran and opposed Khomeini’s decision to invade Iraq. In 1985, he was reelected as the president. After Khomeini’s death, the Assembly of Experts him as a temporary Supreme Leader. On August 6th, 1989, he was confirmed as the new official Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, a position he has held ever since.

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3. Paul Biya of Cameroon 
Length of tenure: 35 years

Cameroon's President had his first taste of political power as prime minister in 1975 before assuming the presidency seven years later (1982).

Often described as an "absentee landlord" because of his frequent holidays abroad, Mr Biya has been accused of rigging elections in his favour and allowing the constitution to be changed to further his rule.

He's survived several coup attempts and he adopted the nickname "lion man" in 1990 after Cameroon's national football team, the Indomitable Lions, reached the quarter-finals of the World Cup.

Earlier this year, dozens of people were killed and hundreds arrested during a crackdown on anti-government protests in the country's English-speaking regions.

Opposition leader Aboubakar Siddiki was sentenced to 25 years in prison by a military court last month, in a trial Amnesty International described as politically motivated.

4. Denis Sassou Nguesso of DR Congo
Length of tenure: 33 years

Sassou Nguesso has had two separate stints in the top job in the Republic of the Congo. He was president from 1979 to 1992 before returning to power in 1997 during the country's second civil war.

Like many others, he's courted controversy.

Violence and vote-rigging have become common features of his election campaigns, while human rights abuses and corruption have reportedly been widespread during his time in office.

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5. Yoweri Museveni of Uganda
Length of tenure: 31 years

Coming to power as President of Uganda in 1986, Mr Museveni was initially celebrated as part of a new generation of democratic African leaders.

Uganda has experienced a period of relative stability and economic growth during his time in office, following the devastating rule of Idi Amin.

But the suppression of political opposition remains a problem, according to human rights groups.

In 2005, a constitutional amendment scrapped presidential term limits, enabling him to rule unchallenged.

An evangelical Christian, he's well known in the West for his decision to criminalise homosexuality in early 2014.

6. Omar al-Bashir of Sudan
Length of tenure: 28 years

President of a country racked by decades of violence and civil war, Omar al-Bashir was a brigadier in Sudan's army when he came to power in a 1989 military coup against democratically elected prime minister Sadiq al-Mahdi.

Despite an international arrest warrant, he won elections in 2010 and 2015, which were marred by controversy and opposition boycotts.

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7. Idriss Déby of Chad
Length of tenure: 27 years

General Idriss Déby Itno (born June 18, 1952) is a Chadian politician who has been the President of Chad since 1990. He is also head of the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Déby is of the Bidyat clan of the Zaghawa ethnic group. He took power at the head of a rebellion against President Hissène Habré in December 1990 and has since survived various rebellions against his own rule. He won elections in 1996 and 2001, and after term limits were eliminated he won again in 2006, 2011, and 2016. He added "Itno" to his surname in January 2006.

8. Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan
Length of tenure: 26 years

President Nazarbayev was born on July 6, 1940 in the village of Chemolgan, Kaskelen District, Almaty region.

Kazakhstan’s president is Nursultan Nazarbayev. He came to leadership in 1989 as first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in the former Soviet Union, and was popularly elected in 1991 as president of an independent Kazakhstan. He was reelected in April of 2015 to a five-year term.

Under his leadership as Kazakhstan’s President, the nation has proved to the world that a country can achieve economic prosperity and national security without nuclear weapons, rather than with nuclear weapons.

President Nazarbayev is popular among Kazakh citizens as under his leadership, Kazakhstan has shown steady economic growth, GDP, GNI and per capita income. In response to the global economic crisis, President Nazarbayev launched the Nurly Zhol, new economic policy.

9. Isaias Afwerki Of Eritrea
Length of tenure: 24 years

President Isaias Afewerki has governed Eritrea since it became an independent country in 1993. His People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDF) is the sole political party.

Presidential elections planned for 1997 never took place and a constitution ratified in the same year has never been implemented.

In 1970 he co-founded the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and in 1987 was elected its secretary-general. When the EPLF defeated Ethiopian forces in 1991, Mr Isaias was appointed head of a provisional government.

Following the 1993 vote on independence, he was elected president of Eritrea and chairman of the National Assembly, giving him control of both executive and legislative branches of government.

10. Aleksandr Grigoryevich Lukashenko of Belarus
Length of tenure: 23 years

President Aleksandr, born 30 August 1954, is the first and only President of Belarus, having been in office since 20 July 1994.[1] Before his career as a politician, Lukashenko worked as director of a state-owned agricultural farm and spent time with the Soviet Border Troops and the Soviet Army. He was the only deputy to vote against the independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union.

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